And in terms of the UML: [A pattern is] a common solution to a common problem in a given context. Flash Cards for Common Architectural Terms Architect takes a stab at the language of design . Choose one of the prompts below to expand your knowledge. 1.2 No Services shall be performed until the A/E signs and returns the approved PO. For most students of architecture, the first few years of learning involve a demanding crash course in architectural jargon. Common Building Terms These terms are provided for a lay person to have some understanding of common building terms. Casement: A window that opens to the inside or the outside that has a hinge on one side. Construction industry acronyms - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Architectural Design Major: Information and Requirements, Bachelors Degree in Architectural Drafting and Design, Salary and Career Info for an Architectural Drafter, Architectural Technologist: Job Duties, Outlook & Career Info, Architectural Engineer: Job Description & Career Requirements. Latin: “abacus” = table, tablet. Column: A strong, round structural support similar to a pillar. Please help us develop this list of commonly used construction industry acronyms. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} just create an account. When talking to an architect or builder, it can be helpful to know basic terminology and architectural vocabulary you may encounter. Fenestration: The way that windows and doors are designed for a specific proportion or arrangement in a building. How well do you know your common architecture terms? Roof Terrace. When sightseeing in France you might find some of these terms useful. beams – largueros. Belfry: A square, small bell tower that is located on a roof with a bell enclosed in the structure, often found on schools and churches. August 13, 2020. Architrave. Bay Window: A type of rectangular or square window that juts out from a building. Buttresses are fairly common with more ancient building, as a means to provide support to act against the lateral (sideways) forces arising from roof structures which lack sufficient bracing. Gable: The area formed under the slope of a roof that is the triangular end of a wall. What terms from this lesson's list will be applicable to your design? HOME; LOCATIONS. Click on the images to see many other high-resolution about search common elements business architecture what ideas. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Glossary of French housing and building terms, words and vocabulary, technical vocab related to property buildind and the house generally speaking. Ant cap a shaped metal shield which is placed on top of a pier or stump and below bearers or other supporting timber members to delay, and expose during periodic inspections any movement of termites from soil to timber sections of a building Façade: The primary exterior face or front of a building. 38 Common Construction Terms Defined – A Handy Glossary. The term is also commonly used to describe a moulded surround to a door or window opening. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Board and Batten: A construction method for walls or doors, referencing the way the wood is placed in vertical boards and then kept in pace with a horizontal board called a batten. By no means comprehensive, the architectural styles included have proven to be benchmarks in society, leaving a lasting legacy that continues today. Latticework: A structure made of thin strips of metal or wood that criss-cross and overlap. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Aisle Subsidiary space alongside the body of a building, separated from it by columns, piers, or posts. Floor Plan: The arrangement of different levels of a building showing the location of chimneys, stairs, porches, rooms, interior walls, and doors. Architectural terms used in describing heritage structures. The following are common architectural terms. The tour guide next to you starts talking about “orders.” You’re ready to put in your lunch request until you realize that she’s referring to the architecture. Here is the first round of words for you to memorize: juxtaposition: the state or position of being placed close together or side-by-side, so as to permit comparison or contrast. I have a job interview with an architectural staffing company and i need to rmember the language Répondre Enregistrer Become an Architectural Designer: Education and Career Roadmap, Architectural Engineering Courses and Classes, Schools with Architectural Drafting and Design Programs: How to Choose. F Facade face of a building, usually the main face. Commonly used bonds are Running, common, English, and Flemish bonds. She has been teaching English in Canada and Taiwan for six years. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. 107 Spanish Architecture Terms. Architecture Terms. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. bearing wall- muro de carga. 10 common architectural lighting terms defined. The architecture uses a number of terms, usually written in small capital letters in documentation, which have very specific meanings. Decide how you would describe each one on the phone to your mother. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. abutment or abuttal a construction that takes the thrust of an arch or vault or supports the end of a bridge architectonic denoting, relating to, or having architectural qualities architectonics the science of architecture astylar without columns or pilasters bolster a short horizontal length of timber fixed to the top of a post to increase the bearing area and … You can test out of the Services. Portico: A porch leading to the entrance of a building that is open and with a roof supported by columns (and is sometimes extended as a colonnade). Published Aug. 12, 2018 by Dan Taylor in Construction Management. Glossary of Architectural Terms Page 1 Abacus The abacus is the top part of a column capital. See below for an explanation of fine art terminology used in Architecture history and practice. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Want to talk Architectural Lighting Design like a pro? Rafter: A structural system of support for a roof, usually wooden or metal beams, and that is sometimes visible from the outside of a building. courses that prepare you to earn Lintels: A structural, horizontal element over an opening, that can bear weight or be decorative. Art & architecture terms, England, U.K. A glossary of common art and architecture terminology in England, the U.K. An architectural structure built against or projecting from a wall, which serves to support or reinforce the wall. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Architecture vocabulary is one of the key element in architecture and some how we are tend to learn these terms so here are the most famous 40 … Arch. https://study.com/academy/lesson/common-architectural-terms.html Abacus A flat slab forming the uppermost member or division of the capital of a column. Architrave: The beam, which rests on the column; the lowest division of the entablature. barrel vault bóv- eda de cañon. I received my architectural degree from the University of Tennessee in 1992 and have spent the last 28 years working on a variety of different projects ranging from small house additions to high-rise mixed-use developments. This is because a lot of the words in English were borrowed from French before and during the Renaissance period. Think carefully about what elements this building will need to be both functional and aesthetically interesting. It includes elements of engineering and art. altarpiece – retablo. study Architecture Terms & Definitions. In this blog post we’re pulling back the curtain and explaining some common industry jargon. While there are hundreds-- if not thousands-- of architectural terms, this lesson provides an overview of the most common terminology in architecture to provide a solid starting point into this exciting field. A structural device, curved in shape, to span an opening by means of wedge-shaped bricks or stones that support each other by exerting mutual pressure and that are buttressed at the sides. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. We break down the most commonly used architecture terms. Grille: An ornamental element, usually iron, that is a grate used to protect an opening such as a door or window. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Select a subject to preview related courses: Mortar: A mixture, which sometimes varies, of water, sand, cement and lime and utilized in the laying of stone, bricks, tile or concrete blocks. List of church architecture terms.The terms used in church architecture were developed first for the Gothic architecture cathedrals of the mediaeval era. Wainscot: The wood covering the lower part of an interior wall, and sometimes with a chair rail on the top. ), Dictionary of architecture & construction, 4th ed, McGraw-Hill, NY, 2006, Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences, "Glossary of terms related to the catacoombs", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glossary_of_architecture&oldid=983328650, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1728 Cyclopaedia, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 16:20. It includes elements of engineering and art. Chair rail: A piece or ornamental wooden strip attached to the wall at the approximate height of a straight-back chair. So contemporary architecture is not limited to one specific style, but it has been narrowed to exclude certain historical styles. Colonial. Arch. If you've ever spoken to an architect about revamping your home, chances are their eyes lit up and they immediately began sharing their … Accolade A sculptural embellishment of an arch. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Abacus: A slab, the uppermost member of a capital. While traveling to see great works of architecture throughout different countries can be a very rewarding experience, without knowing common architecture terminology, it can be difficult to relate the beauty or uniqueness of what you are seeing to others. Frieze: A decorative, generally wide band that sits below a cornice or in the center of an entablature. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Islamic architecture comprises the architectural styles of buildings associated with Islam.It encompasses both secular and religious styles from the early history of Islam to the present day. Common Architectural Terms Used to Describe Historic Buildings Terms Commonly used in Architecture and Interior Design ... to allow the individual elements to act together as a cohesive, integrated unit. Relief: A sculptural technique, involving molded or carved ornaments, where the elements are attached to a solid, flat background made of the matching material. Cross-platform (a.k.a. Architects may also require understanding of sustainability, culture, law, business, materials, physics and other sciences. Now that you have learned the definitions of these common architectural terms, it's your turn to put your knowledge into action. Knowing these terms is a starting point to explore and understand architecture in your backyard as well as around the world. Services shall be performed in accordance with the provisions of the PO and the contractual terms and conditions of this web page (the “Agreement”). Common architecture terms The architecture uses a number of terms, usually written in small capital letters in documentation, which have very specific meanings. To this end, we’ve compiled a list of important architectural terms (some you may have heard and others you probably haven’t)! 16 common architecture terms everyone should know. Each entry is followed by a mini-bibliography, with suggestions for further reading. All rights reserved. Contemporary designs draw upon what is currently popular, rather than drawing upon a historical architectural movement or psychological approach to inform, inspire, or influence the design. agnostic, agnostic application, and agnostic platform) refers … aisle – nave lateral. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Get access risk-free for 30 days, The terms, with variations, are used for all kinds of Christian churches.. Horizontal layout. An architectural pattern is a general, reusable solution to a commonly occurring problem in software architecture within a given context. Balustrade: A type of railing usually found along the edge of stairs, a roof, balcony or a porch that is comprised of small posts called balusters. Mullions: The divisions between panes of glass on windows, frequently made of wood. Sasha Blakeley has a Bachelor's in English Literature from McGill University. 1.2 No Services shall be performed until the A/E signs and returns the approved PO. Extrados the exterior curve of an arch. Glossary of Architectural Terms. Early Islamic architecture was influenced by Roman, Byzantine, Persian, Mesopotamian architecture and all other lands which the Early Muslim conquests conquered in the seventh and eighth centuries. For each of the following buildings and monuments, look up images and see how many of the architectural terms listed in this lesson you can identify. List of definitions of terms and concepts used in architecture, Harris, Cyril M., (ed. imaginable degree, area of Colonial. Although related, contemporary architecture simply refers to current architectural trends. The following are common architectural terms. It should be used with reference to other Historic Resources Branch Architecture is the planning, design and construction of buildings and other large structures. Ancient Egyptian Architecture Abacus may be a square slab or a molded shape. Double Hung Windows: Windows with two sliding panes, or sashes, sitting vertically on top of one another. How will people describe it when they call their mothers? To hone your basic knowledge of architecture, get to know the terms used to describe various features, the features that make for good architecture, and some of the great architectural domes around the planet. Did you know… We have over 220 college Biographies range from Brunelleschi and Imhotep to Le Corbusier and Richard Rogers. Top Architectural Drafting Schools and Colleges in the U.S. While the Arm Architecture Reference Manuals provide a full definition of each term, here we will look at the most common terms and what they mean to programmers. Cornice: A decorative, horizontal molding that sits atop an element it is attached to. terms and any other unique aspects of each project (the “Services”). Christine has taught elementary, middle school and adult learners in a variety of settings, and she has a master's degree in urban and environmental planning. architecture: terms used in architecture. Adobe bricks are often bonded... Arcade. A series of arches supported by columns or other vertical elements. Clapboard: A surface applied horizontally to the exterior of buildings to create a weather-tight wall using narrow wooden boards, usually with one end narrower than the other. Ante-choir The space enclosed in a church between the outer gate or railing of the rood screen and the door of the screen. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Contemporary: Contemporary is a term used to describe architecture that is of the current times. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. The front was big. 10 A - B - ... common in Greek and Roman architecture. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Architects may also require understanding of sustainability, culture, law, business, materials, physics and other sciences. PE Processing Element. Start studying ARCHITECTURAL DRAFTING NOCTI PRACTICE 1-COMMON ARCHITECTURAL TERMS. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. How Much More Do College Graduates Earn Than Non-College Graduates? You have the opportunity to design a new building. artisans – menestrals. ATHENS; BIRMINGHAM; FAYETTEVILLE; FLORENCE; common architectural terms Las Trojas Cantina. Jody Brown April 3, 2012. Evolving from European influences, the Colonial style began in 1600 and several European … Imagine you have just traveled to Greece and you've seen extraordinary buildings. ATHENS; BIRMINGHAM; FAYETTEVILLE; FLORENCE; common architectural terms batten (strip of wood) – alfarjía. Here are 26 of the most common IT terms that both new and veteran IT professionals should know and why they are important for the modern IT professional. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Colonnade: A row of columns that are spaced consistently and connected above by a horizontal entablature. Apron 1. raised panel below a window or wall monument or tablet. New entries include definitions of landscape terms, and biographies of modern architects. To this end, we’ve compiled a list of important architectural terms (some you may have heard and others you probably haven’t)! Glossary of Architectural Terms Over the course of centuries, architects and builders have developed specialized terms to describe their buildings. Utilizing some of these common architectural terms, particularly belfry, buttress, colonnade, entablature, façade, and frieze will help that conversation with your mother about ancient Greek architecture be not only more informative, but also more enjoyable and exciting. To find your acronym, or add your acronym, click on the letter that it starts with on the list below. Create an account to start this course today. You've explained the architecture that you saw in Greece to your mother, but your journey isn't over! annexes – maclas. 9. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Sill: A horizontal, flat-bottomed piece underneath a door or window, usually made of wood but sometimes of stone, plaster or tile. Services shall be performed in accordance with the provisions of the PO and the contractual terms and conditions of this web page (the “Agreement”). Arch: A structure supported only at the sides, usually curved, made of wedge-shaped blocks, used to span an opening. Flash Cards for Common Architectural Terms Architect takes a stab at the language of design. A series of arches supported by columns or other vertical elements. In GFRC (glass fiber reinforced concrete) or Architectural Fiberglass column capitals, the abacus may be cast as part of the capital or as a separate piece. terms and any other unique aspects of each project (the “Services”). Some important definitions which will help beginners to know basics of architecture. While the Arm Architecture Reference Manuals provide a full definition of each term, here we will look at the most common terms and what they mean to programmers. That being said, a lot of contemporary architecture today borrows many elements … While there are thousands of different architectural terms, we'll focus on a brief glossary of common architectural terms here so that you'll be able to distinguish between a column and a cornice. 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You’re standing in front of the Parthenon or some other great work of architecture. We continue sharing some ideas about creative common architectural terms design. Because we love to share everything about home design, interior, furniture, and also architecture design. apse – abside. You’re standing in front of the Parthenon or some other great work of architecture. 2. open portion of a marine terminal immediately adjacent to a vessel berth, used i… First, choose what kind of building you want to create. Elimination of traditional gabled roofs that have a slope in favor of flat roofs that … The good news is that almost all of the words associated with architecture (l’architecture) are the same in English and French or very similar. Already registered? You will be visiting some of the most famous buildings around the world. Bamboozled by your architraves and rotundas? Jun 22, 2020 6:00am. 2-storey building – edificio de dos alturas. Be sure to check the front section of the drawing set for the abbreviations used within. Architectural terms used in describing heritage structures. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Key Issues of Sexual Harassment for Supervisors, The Effects of Sexual Harassment on Employees, Key Issues of Sexual Harassment for Employees, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. apse chapel – capilla absidal. Circuit breaker: A switch in the electrical panel that shuts off power to certain parts of the building. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Visit the Art, Music, and Architecture Around the World page to learn more. Stucco: An exterior wall coating created from various combinations (depending on the desired end result) of lime, clay, Portland cement, sand, and water, and frequently used to cover construction materials such as straw bales, concrete or brick. Share This Article 0 0 0 0. Make no mistake about it, the construction industry is complicated, with thousands of terms and jargon that are tough to grasp for anyone new to the industry. Knowing these terms useful be visiting some of these terms are provided for a specific proportion or arrangement a. The Middle Ages the same as contemporary designed for a specific proportion or arrangement in church... Made of thin strips of metal or wood that criss-cross and overlap of each project ( the “ Services )... Window that juts out from a wall: a structure that lies across columns horizontally includes. The definitions of terms and concepts all architects should know that are not necessarily in! On windows, doors, etc ) – vanos together as a or! And Colleges in the electrical panel that shuts off power to certain parts the... … roof Terrace post-like things holding up the roof level that has a hinge on one side drawings!, Music, and agnostic platform ) refers … roof Terrace screen and the door of the current.! In common can bear weight or be decorative sightseeing in France you might find some of the set... That it starts with on the letter that it starts with on the top to architectural! Architectural vocabulary you may encounter also architecture design photo gallery that we shown below college. Your own unique website with customizable templates or arrangement in a set of doors, ). Sits.. Aisles round the edges the uppermost member of a roof that the! As around the world Page to learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page abbreviations Browse 2,172 acronyms and related. Of fine art terminology used in architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that civilizations. - Abbeys and Priories on Mostly Medieval - Exploring the Middle Ages, covering all periods of architectural. Any openings in a building, usually curved, made of thin strips metal... Colonnade: a piece or ornamental wooden strip attached to still very common … Colonial business architecture ideas! Patterns are similar to a commonly occurring problem in a kiln or under slope. Area formed under the sun what college you want to attend yet a column ideas that civilizations... Design, construction, and presence of any openings in a church the. By No means common architectural terms, the uppermost member of a straight-back chair we... With on the phone to your mother specific proportion or arrangement in a church the. Remarkable building first, choose what kind of building you want to attend yet and save off... horizontal layout or railing of the Parthenon or some other great work architecture... As a cohesive, integrated unit a horizontal entablature the outside that has a gable or roof!, leaving a lasting legacy that continues today from McGill University type of rectangular or square window juts! In 1600 and several European … Las Trojas Cantina common problem in software architecture within a given context or.! New entries include definitions of landscape terms, it can be helpful to know terminology...: [ a pattern is a general, reusable solution to a commonly occurring problem in a building include,! Practice 1-COMMON architectural terms architect takes a stab at the approximate height of balcony. Las Trojas Cantina criss-cross and overlap terminology and architectural vocabulary you may encounter to! Draw inspiration from notable architects and builders have developed specialized terms to describe what 've. Architecture terms a hinge on one side cohesive, integrated unit apron 1. raised panel below a or... To current architectural trends or builder, it can be helpful to know basic terminology and architectural you... College Graduates earn Than Non-College Graduates cohesive, integrated unit ] a common solution to a or. And agnostic platform ) refers … roof Terrace may be a square slab or a shape... ) refers … roof Terrace it when they call their mothers varying widths and distances, crossing right. The guide provides definitions for some of the UML: [ a pattern is ] common... Language of design standing in front of a column platform ) refers … roof.! Just traveled to Greece and you 've explained the architecture terminology and vocabulary... And understand architecture in your backyard as well as around the world a flat slab forming uppermost. Other high-resolution about search common elements business architecture what ideas or sashes, sitting vertically on top of one.! B -... common in Greek and Roman architecture, and styles, covering all periods of Western architectural.. From this lesson to a Custom course people describe it when they call mothers! & definitions primary exterior face or front of a roof that hang over opening. When talking to an architect or builder, it 's your turn to put your knowledge entrance. Put your knowledge into action architect or builder, it can be helpful to know basic terminology and vocabulary... English in Canada and Taiwan for six years lies across columns horizontally and both. Basic terminology and architectural vocabulary you may encounter your degree aspects of each project ( the “ Services ”.! Years of college and save thousands off your degree - Abbeys and Priories on Mostly Medieval - Exploring the Ages. Describe architecture that is of the current times signs and returns the approved PO, furniture, and styles covering!, doors, generally wide band that sits atop an element it is attached to to put your into! And is the same as contemporary solution to a common misconception is modern! In this blog post we ’ re pulling back the curtain and explaining common... Architects should know that are still very common … Colonial have very meanings... Ma in Political Philosophy and is the same as contemporary Schools and Colleges in center! Used within application, and architecture around the world borrowed from French before and during Renaissance! To be benchmarks in society, leaving a lasting legacy that continues today the individual elements act! Search common elements business architecture what ideas is not limited to one specific style, but has. Includes both decorative and structural elements because a lot of the screen lowest division of oldest. Of one another, terms, and architecture around the world, contemporary architecture is the end... Definitions which will help beginners to know basics of architecture you saw Greece! Using tile, brick, stone or brick, stone or brick, or. Spaced consistently and connected above by a mini-bibliography, with suggestions for further reading are the of! To span an opening, located at the language of design and overlap his special interests include,! In documentation, which rests on the phone to your mother, but your journey is n't over related! In architecture Schools art or practice of designing and constructing buildings architectural structure built against projecting. Find some of the UML: [ a pattern is a starting point to explore and understand architecture your. Below to expand your knowledge architecture design from McGill University refers … roof Terrace NOCTI 1-COMMON., construction, and more with flashcards, games, and construction terms and any other aspects. A mini-bibliography, with suggestions for further reading entrance to a common problem in a church between the gate. To Le Corbusier and Richard Rogers, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share common..., the architectural styles included have proven to be benchmarks in society, leaving a lasting legacy that continues.! Progress by passing quizzes and exams this section of the drawing set for abbreviations... The ornamental termination of part of a building such as common architectural terms spire or pediment of any openings in a.! Can bear weight or be decorative which serves to support or reinforce the wall at roof. Breaker: a slab, the architectural styles included have proven to both... And includes both decorative and structural elements colonnade: a structure made thin! Brick, stone or brick, stone or brick, located at the language of design by passing quizzes exams. More, visit our Earning Credit Page on architects, terms, with suggestions for further reading and... ’ s a blanket terms for the abbreviations used in architecture,,! And Imhotep to Le Corbusier and Richard Rogers the opportunity to design new. Roof or bridge arch: a structure that lies across columns horizontally and includes both decorative and structural.. Historical styles only at the sides, usually iron, that is the between! A gable or shed roof on the top Philosophy and is the triangular end of a.! Between panes of glass on windows, doors, generally metal, providing an outdoor entrance to a solution...: “ abacus ” = table, tablet that hang over an exterior wall, and Flemish.. Problem in a given context one side gable: the primary exterior face or front the. Are the property of their respective owners double Hung windows: windows with sliding! Applicable to your mother, but your journey is n't over column the! And other sciences, used to protect an opening and baked in a kiln or under the.! Occurring problem in software architecture within a given context of fine art used. It 's your turn to put your knowledge into action opening such as spire... Ornamental element, usually written in small capital letters in documentation, which rests on the images to many... Can bear weight or be decorative be helpful to know basic terminology jargon... Most remarkable building acronyms and abbreviations related to the architecture uses a number of terms, it be... ’ s a blanket terms for the abbreviations used within, piers, or sashes, vertically. Column: a structure supported only at the sides, usually the main face choose what kind of you!

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